L.HIS-116: Ancient Greek Civilization
A survey of ancient Greek history and culture from the Bronze Age of heroes of the Trojan War through the Hellenistic period ushered in by Alexander the Great. The course will try to answer the questions “who were the ancient Greeks and why are they worth studying today?” by examining the history, art, and literature they produced. 3 credits.
L.HIS-117: Roman Civilization
A survey of Roman history and culture from the mysterious Etruscan period and the legendary founding of Rome through the fall of the western half of the Empire. The course will try to answer the questions “who were the Romans and why are they worth studying today?” by examining the history, art, and literature they produced. 3 credits.
L.HIS-121: United States To 1877
The founding, expansion, and development of the United States from discovery and colonization to the Reconstruction era. 3 credits.
L.HIS-122: United States Since 1865
United States history from the end of the Civil War to the present. 3 credits. Each spring semester.
L.HIS-140: Europe To 1750
A study of the political, cultural and intellectual developments of Europe to 1750. 3 credits.
L.HIS-141: Modern Europe Since 1750
A study of the political, cultural, and intellectual development of Europe. 3 credits.
L.HIS-155: Introduction to Latin American History
A one-semester introductory survey of Latin American history from pre-Columbian civilizations to the present. 3 credits.
L.HIS-161: Modern Africa since 1800
A survey of sub-Saharan Africa during the age of European exploration, conquest, and colonization. Topics include the revolutions in West and Southern Africa; abolition of the slave trade; European exploration and trade; military conquest and African resistance; white settlers in Africa; British, French, and German colonial rule; the economics of western colonialism; the emergence of African elites and the growth of African nationalism. 3 credits.
L.HIS-175: Themes in World History
Instead of striving for a comprehensive coverage of world history, this course focuses on a few selected themes, such as migration, gender, warfare, and revolutions. Each theme will be examined in global and comparative perspectives. The emphasis of the course is placed on the modern world, but pre-modern influences and patterns will also be explored in some of the themes. 3 credits.
L.HIS-220: Introduction to Archaeology & Cultural Heritage Interpretation
Students will learn how archaeology has changed over time, from pot-hunting and treasure-seeking by individuals, to a sophisticated science incorporating many different sub-disciplines. Students will also learn the basic methods and procedures involved in actually “doing” archaeology, as well as tangle with some of the ethical issues involved. We will also study how archaeologists go about interpreting their finds to the general public. 3 credits.
L.HIS-225: Confederates: Virtual & Real-AI
The Confederate States of America ceased its “real” life with Lee’s surrender in 1865. But ever since then it has taken on a “virtual” existence of regional consciousness, neo-confederate ideology, agrarianism and anti-governmental centralization. By means of primary sources, material and popular cultural artifacts, films and literature, the course will focus on questions of identity and community raised by its “virtual” existence. Prerequisites: LIB100, LIB 105, LIB 110 and one course from LIB 130, LIB 135, or LIB 220.
L.HIS-226: Catholi-schism Controversy-AI
An (AI) Identity and Community offering that explores issues that are controversial or over which US Catholics are in fundamental disagreement. Issues will be approached from the perspective of Catholic individuals’ and groups’ self-identity and sub-group identity. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits.
L.HIS-227: The March for Life
This course will be a Study Travel Course. The study-travel component will center in preparing for, actually participating in the March For Life and reflectively processing the participation experience. It will also involve participating in and processing a visit to Network: A National Catholic Social Justice Lobby. 3 credits. January term.
L.HIS-229: African American History-AI
This course studies the African American experience from slavery to the present focusing on the formation of both personal and community identities in light of the experience of slavery and racism. Key to our exploration of African American identity will be resistance and reform. The course will also place a heavy emphasis on African American musical traditions. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-220, L.LIB-130, or L.LIB-135. 3 credits.
L.HIS-230: Community & Identity in the American West-AI
This course focuses primarily on the interaction of Native Americans, Hispanics and the diverse population of immigrants (Euro-American, African-American, Chinese and European) who settled in United States territories west of the Mississippi River during the nineteenth century. Through primary source texts, objects, artwork and music, students will explore individual identity and how a group of individuals uses culture to build community. We will study how the interactions within a shared culture transform personal identities as well as how interactions across cultures shape each community. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits.
L.HIS-231: History of U.S. Sexuality-AV
The contemporary dialogue over sexual values and conflicts regarding sexual-decision making are not new to the American experience. In fact, scholars organize the history of American sexuality around “contested moments” in the debate over sexual ethics and behaviors. From the initial settlement of Europeans in the New World and their contact with the worldview of Native Americans to the more recent “sexual revolutions” of the modern era, Americans debated sex. The predominant ethical framework governing that conversation reflects the dominance of Protestant Christianity in American culture. Other ideological frameworks deriving from science, gender construction, economic patterns, racism and generational conflict also drive the evolution of sexual value sets. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-220, L.LIB-130, or L.LIB-135. 3 credits.
L.HIS-232: Herbert Hoover & the Great Depression
When elected in 1928, people perceived Herbert Hoover as a caring, compassionate, humanitarian. By 1932, American citizens believed he did not care about the people—some blamed him for the depression and to others his name became synonymous with Satan. Why did this transformation in public opinion happen? This J-term course will explore this question by studying the effects of the Great Depression on the American populace and their response. It also examines the character and actions of Herbert Hoover both before and during his presidency. Key to our study will be the archival collections of the Herbert Hoover Presidential Library & Museum in West Branch, Iowa. 3 credits. January term.
L.HIS-235: Race & Gender Reform in the United States-AC
The course focuses on the struggles for racial and gender equality that took place in the United U.S. during the 19th and 20th centuries. During the 19th century the struggle to eradicate slavery–the abolition movement–contributed to the evolution of a women’s rights movement; more recently, the civil rights movement helped to stimulate the women’s liberation movement. This course compares and contrasts these movements for racial and gender justice. We will study the past, but also bring our historical query to the present with a study of contemporary social movements. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits.
L.HIS-236: Art & Archaeology of Greece & Rome
A study of the sites and artifacts of ancient Greek and Roman material culture. Includes an introduction to archaeological theory and methods, and an examination of the physical remains, as well as an interpretation of those artifacts to help reconstruct the ancient lifeways of these prolific cultures. 3 credits. Dependent on staff and demand.
L.HIS-239: United States Women’s History-AC
This course focuses on the evolving concept of gender identity in American society. We will compare and contrast the experiences of women of varying ethnic, class, racial, and regional identities. Women labored at home and for wages. They built and influenced families, communities and organizations. They worked to reform society, shaping the social, political and economic world through their efforts. We will trace the evolution of women’s rights and gender equity from the early 1600s to the present. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits.
L.HIS-240: Greek Odyssey-AC
This course is an overseas study course. The students will investigate how the physical remains of an ancient culture, studied over different time periods, reveal changes in the culture’s social structure, political institutions, economic forces, technological advancements, etc. Although the focus of the study trip will be to examine physical sites and artifacts, wherever possible students will read primary literary sources that offer insights from the ancient Greeks themselves into their own culture. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits. January term.
L.HIS-245: The Celts-AC
The Celts- Hags, Druids, and Saints pace the pages of Celtic myth and folklore, entrancing audiences and readers with stories of personal dilemmas, heroism, and magic. This course will analyze comparatively some Irish and Welsh myths, study the evolution of the legend of St. Patrick, and read fairy tales in an effort to understand important cultural realities and the social changes they reflect. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits.
L.HIS-246: Chicago’s Art & Architecture-AA
The course will begin on the Loras campus with an examination of classical forms of both art and architecture from ancient Greece and Rome. Students will create timelines, outlines, and files of visual images and consider their own surroundings, first on a practice run in Dubuque and then in Chicago, to make connections between the ancient and modern worlds of art and architecture and adding to their visual files. Students will return to Loras to create a Tour of Chicago that features items and locales that reflect classical clues in Chicago’s Art and Architecture. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits. January term.
L.HIS-248: Identity, Community, and the Cold War-AI
This course examines the history of the Cold War with special emphasis placed on the American and Soviet visions of the world community and Soviet and American identities underlying the conflict between these two superpowers. The course will also briefly look at the relations between the U. S. and post-Soviet Russia and the new Russian national identity developed after the Cold War. 3 credits.
L.HIS-249: Russian Civilization-AC
A study of Russian history with a special emphasis on the cultural context. The course starts with a brief overview of pre-Petrine Russia, but places the emphasis on imperial Russia (from Peter the Great to 1917) and Soviet and post-Soviet Russia. Students are expected to develop an in-depth understanding of continuity and change in Russian civilization and of the differences and similarities between Russian civilization and Western civilization. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits.
L.HIS-255: United States/Latin American Relations
A survey of Interamerican relations with emphasis on the period from the Spanish-American War (1898) to the present and on U.S. relations with Latin America. 3 credits.
L.HIS-257: Modern Brazilian History & Culture-AC
This course examines the history of Latin America’s largest geographic and most populous nation from the arrival of the Portuguese Court in 1808 to present. Focus will be on issues such as the dynamics and legacies of the world’s largest slave society, economic growth and industrialization, political organization and participation, liberalism, populism, authoritarianism and democracy, urbanization, race relations, European and Asian immigration to Brazil, ethnic and gender identities, regionalism, and elements of popular culture such as music, the arts, and sports. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits.
L.HIS-272: Japan in the Modern World–AI
This course is a study of modern Japanese history since the Meiji Restoration (1868), emphasizing: (1) Japan’s Westernization and contesting views of the national identity after the Meiji Restoration; (2) the Japanese view of themselves and other nations during World War II and the contesting national identities of the Japanese as victims or victimizers in the postwar discourse on war experience and responsibility; (3) the transformation of group identities brought about by economic development and social changes in Japan since 1945. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits.
L.HIS-275: History As Film: East Asia
This course examines themes in East Asian history dramatized in select feature films. Films to be viewed and critiqued in class include Genghis Khan: To the Ends of the Eath and Sea and The Last Samurai. A feature film on a historical theme is a piece of art, but it interprets history. While it is not a source of historical knowledge, its interpretation of history can and should be evaluated or critiqued; such evaluations or critiques would help us develop a more sophisticated understanding of the past. Prerequisite: L.LIB-100. 3 credits.
L.HIS-277: Modern Chinese History & Culture-AC
A study of China from the Opium War (1839-1842) to the present, with an emphasis on cultural history. This course examines how political, economic, and cultural changes during the last one and half centuries have altered the sense the Chinese have of themselves and of China’s place in the world. It also examines how cultural tradition persists in China through changes. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100; L.LIB-105; L.LIB-110; and one from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits.
L.HIS-278: Chinese Cities in the Past & Present
This study travel course explores China’s urban history and far-reaching changes taking place in Chinese cities. Students travel to Beijing, the imperial capital during the last three dynasties and the capital of today’s People’s Republic of China; Shanghai, the largest city in China; Suzhou, a historical city that Marco Polo compared to Venice. Themes to be studied include (1) the development of cities and their political and economic roles in imperial China, (2) physical and spatial features of and the social and cultural contexts that created these features, (3) traditional Chinese gardens and the underlying philosophical and aesthetic views, (4) China’s current accelerated urbanization and urban planning, and (5) the social and cultural transformation of Chinese cities. 3 credits. January term.
L.HIS-282: History as Film: Africa-AC
This course explores three cultural traditions–American, European, African–as represented in their dramatic/action films on African history, and helps develop an awareness of fundamental differences between western (American/European) and African perceptions of Africa, as long-standing western/African cultural traditions. The course will address issues of change and continuity in American and European cultural imaging of Africa; African critiques of American and European historical films; African stereotypes as reflections of evolving American and European race consciousness. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits.
L.HIS-285: The Arab-Israeli Conflict
The Arab-Israeli Conflict is an interactive course that will educate students about the complexities of the relationship between Israel, Palestinians, and their Middle Eastern neighbors and will engage students interactively with sources and people through reading, role play, and personal contact with people who are impacted by the situation, and institutional peace efforts, grass-roots action toward reconciliation, and voices of dissent in both Palestinian and Jewish communities. 3 credits. January term.
L.HIS-288: Historical Methods
An introductory course for history majors or potential majors that deals with historical methodologies by means of primary and secondary source materials drawn from US history. Much attention will be given to identifying, constructing, reconstructing and critiquing historical interpretations. Students must earn a grade of C or better for the major. 3 credits.
L.HIS-306: Historians of Greece & Rome
Readings from the classical historians. Emphasis is placed upon the development of history as a literary genre and an intellectual endeavor. Greek authors: Herodotus, Thucydides, Polybius, Plutarch. Roman authors: Caesar, Sallust, Livy, Tacitus, Suetonius. 3 credits.
L.HIS-320: Archaeology of the Upper Mississippi Valley
Designed to prepare students for archeology and cultural interpretation heritage work in the Upper Mississippi Valley, this course will provide both an overview of the ancient history of the continental United States as well as a detailed examination of the archeology of the Upper Mississippi River Valley. This will be an extensive study of the evolution of peoples in the Mississippi River Valley from the Clovis—12 to 15,000 years ago—to the indigenous peoples in the area at contact with Europeans in the 1600s. 3 credits.
L.HIS-329: The Enlightenment
An examination of the major institutions of eighteenth-century European society and the social history of ideas, particularly the contrast between elite and popular culture, and the primary social criticisms and reforms proposed by Enlightenment writers, such as Montesquieu, Voltaire, Rousseau, and the Encyclopedists. Open to seniors and juniors, sophomores with approval. 3 credits.
L.HIS-330: The French Revolution
The causes and course of the revolution including the origins of modern political culture in the Enlightenment and the revolution, international repercussions, terror, social consequences, and the Napoleonic period. Open to seniors and juniors, sophomores with approval. 3 credits.
L.HIS-333: Imperial Geographies-AA
This course will study how the aesthetics of urban design and architecture from the late 19th century to present are symbolic of key questions that speak to imperialism, colonialism, nationalism, and the postcolonial condition. The course material will consider how architects, geographers, urban planners, and certain political and social classes engaged the legacy of colonialism and the politics of nationalism in their work and practices. Attention will be paid to the spatial organization of colonial and postcolonial cities, the politics of architectural and urban design, and the aesthetic nature of urban iconography. Case studies will be drawn from various cities throughout Africa, Europe, Asia, and the Caribbean. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits.
L.HIS-340: The Age of Kings & Conversions: Medieval Europe, 476-1075
An exploration of the vivacious and complex world of barbarians and monks, pagans and Christians, queens and bishops. Questions about historical interpretation and analysis of evidence are important to the study and understanding of this period. Open to seniors and juniors, sophomores with approval. 3 credits.
L.HIS-341: The Age of Love & Reason: Medieval Europe, 1075-1530
A thematic study of the late medieval period that addresses issues of importance for that age and of interest for the modern world. Important themes will include love and marriage, chivalry, heresy, architecture and representation, individual and communal identity, the formation of nation-states, the Crusades, popular culture, intellectual developments, and the Italian Renaissance. Open to seniors and juniors, sophomores with approval. 3 credits.
L.HIS-342: The Reformation-AI
The Reformation was by all accounts a spectacular event. Framed by the bitter denunciations of Martin Luther and the rigid restrictions of the Index of Forbidden books, enlivened by theological debate and mortified by extreme violence, the Reformation was to the people of the sixteenth century inspiring yet harsh and provided absolute certainty while at the same time provoking unimaginable confusion and complexity. How did it respond to the question, “What does it mean to be a Christian”. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100, L.LIB-105, L.LIB-110, and one course from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220.3 credits.
L.HIS-343: Medieval Christianity
A study of the development of western Christianity in the Middle Ages, with particular attention to formative influences, definitive tensions, diverse perceptions and popular appeal. The most important themes are monasticism, sanctity, heresy, and the spiritual expressions of women and men. Less emphasis upon institutional history. Open to seniors and juniors, sophomores with approval. 3 credits.
L.HIS-344: Celtic Christianity & Roman Catholicism
This is a study travel course to England, Ireland, and Scotland, exploring historical places associated with the earliest Christians in those areas. Focusing especially on the collaboration and conflict between the Celtic Christianity of Ireland, Wales, and Scotland and the Roman Christianity spreading from the south of England, the course will examine the transition from paganism to Christianity and the conceptual realities that made that both possible and challenging. Destinations may vary each time the course is taught. 3 credits. January term.
L.HIS-346: Isle of the Saints: A Study Tour-AI
Through travel and study in Ireland, this course examines medieval Irish society, including law, genealogy, and tribal affiliation, from the beginnings of Irish “history” in the fourth century A.D. to the religious and political turmoil of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, when Continental calls for Reformation joined with Tudor and Cromwellian assertions of power to force Irish people to reorganize their communities and their sense of identity. Prerequisites: L.LIB-100; L.LIB-105; L.LIB-110; and one from L.LIB-130, L.LIB-135, or L.LIB-220. 3 credits. January term.
L.HIS 348: Paris in the 1920’s & 1930’s
Paris in the 20s was the place to be. There you could find a fusion of the latest, most daring trends in art, music and literature and a haven for those who had no “home” to speak of- displaced Russian nobility who had fled their homeland after the Revolution; Africans from various French colonies who had come to Paris to study; American Blacks who had come to escape repressive Jim Crow laws. We will examine this period through art, music, literature, journalism. 3 credits.
L.HIS-349: The Second World War
The causes of the war, the European and Pacific campaigns, the civilian reaction, the Holocaust, resistance movements and the origins of the Cold War. Not open to first year students. 3 credits.
L.HIS-360: Southern Africa Since 1800
An examination of the impact of white settler rule in the region of Southern Africa, which includes countries of Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe. Topics include settler colonialism; the imperial scramble for colonies; British and Portuguese colonial rule; the regional mine labor system; Apartheid, and African struggles for independence. Restriction: not open to first-year students. 3 credits.
L.HIS-365: Contemporary Urban Portugal
The main content of the course will investigate the various historical and geographical issues surrounding the fall and legacies of the Portuguese empire in Africa such as national identity and geopolitics, migration, and subsequent changes to the cultural landscape and human geography of the metropolitan Lisbon area. Students will have the opportunity to study these themes firsthand by visiting many of Lisbon’s historic and newly constructed neighborhoods, museums, monuments, and community centers that speak to these dynamic issues. 3 credits. January term.
L.HIS-380: The Cold War
A study of the Cold War as a global confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union and as a global conflict between Communism and capitalism. Topics include the origins of the Cold War, nuclear weapons and the Cold War, ideologies of the Cold War and propaganda, the Third World and the Cold War, and the end of the Cold War. Open to seniors and juniors, sophomores with approval. 3 credits.
L.HIS-385: Peace & Justice in Israel & Palestine
This course is a travel learning experience in which students will develop an understanding of the sources of conflict between Israelis and Palestinians, interact with people of various religious traditions and cultural heritages who are directly affected by the adversity in the region, and reflect on various efforts to resolve tensions there. The course will travel to locations in Israel and Palestine. 3 credits. January term.
L.HIS-386: United States Survey for Teachers
Designed to prepare K-12 teachers of social studies and United States history, this course develops the ability to conceptualize and define the American past in order to teach United States history, this course provides models and tools for determining the overarching themes that help explain and explore the American past using a wide variety of methods. Students will identify resources that help teachers make decisions on what to teach, define historical trends, and analyze reading strategies in the field of history including reading comprehension and critical reading. Required for the endorsement in American History and the All Social Sciences Teaching endorsement. Restricted to Teacher Education students only. 3 credits.
L.HIS-392: History as Film
This course examines the uses of film as sources of historical knowledge, principally through documentaries but also through semi-documentaries and fictional films. Non-traditional materials of historians (motion-picture films) as well as traditional materials (written sources) will enhance significantly the student’s interest in and understanding of modern history. Topics vary and will be determined by the availability of films and students’ interest. 3 credits.
History topics course. Used to develop courses which have not been approved under another catalog number. See Division Chair for more information.
L.HIS-404: Historical Geography
An historical overview of the major developments in formal, practical, and popular global geopolitics from the late 19thcentury to present. The material will examine the origins, application, and outcomes of geopolitical theories related to cartography; empire and imperialism; nation building and nationalism; decolonization and independence; the Cold War; and the multi-faceted dimensions of globalization. This course will partially satisfy the geography requirement for the All-Social Science teaching endorsement. Sophomores and above. 3 credits.
L.HIS-427: United States Catholicism
The history of Roman Catholics and Roman Catholicism in the U.S. from colonial beginnings to the present with special emphasis on the changes in and anomalies of Catholic identity. Not open to first year students. 3 credits.
L.HIS-431: Revolutionary Era in the United States
The U.S. in the 18th century, development of British imperial policy and reactions to it, the break from the British empire, experiments in new forms of self-government and the framing, ratification and implementation of the U.S. Constitution in the 1790’s. Not open to first year students. 3 credits.
L.HIS-439: The Creation of Modern America, 1877-1924
This course concentrates on the incredible transformation of society that took place in the United States between 1877 and 1924. The changes of this period resulted in the creation of modern American society. To understand the 20th century we must understand the changes begun during the Gilded Age and completed by the 1920’s. Because these changes took place in almost every area of society, this course will draw upon social, cultural, economic, diplomatic, and political history. Not open to first year students. 3 credits.
L.HIS-443: Civil War & Reconstruction
The U.S. from the 1840’s through the 1870’s with emphasis on the causes of the war, military operations of the conflict and its impact on the U.S., the difficulties of reconciling the former enemies. Not open to first year students. 3 credits.
L.HIS-449: Populists, Progressives & the Labor Movement, 1870-1919
Many people protested the incredible transformation of their lives that occurred in the U.S. during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. This course concentrates on the problems created by the changes of the Gilded Age and how people coped with them. To improve their lives and to impose order on a chaotic world, farmers, laborers and middle-class progressives demanded reform through populism, labor unions and the progressive movement. Open to seniors and juniors, sophomores with approval. L.HIS-439 recommended, but not required. 3 credits.
L.HIS-453: The Great Depression & the New Deal
A study of the Great Depression in the United States, including its origins, the consequences of depression on U.S. society and the New Deal as a response to the crisis. Different perspectives based on race, gender, age and region will be discussed. This course will also examine the legacy of the New Deal, including the evolution of the social welfare state, the transformation of the role of government in society and the expansion of the power of the president. Not open to first year students. 3 credits.
L.HIS-455: United States History Since 1945
The political, social, and economic history of the U.S. from the end of World War II to the present including the evolution of Cold War politics and major changes in U.S. society. Not open to first year students. 3 credits.
L.HIS-456: The Civil Rights Movement
A focus on organizations, and to a lesser degree on their leaders, involved in the post-World War II struggle for racial equality in southern and northern states. Organizations studied include the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, Southern Christian Leadership Conference, Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, Congress of Racial Equality, the Black Panthers, the Nation of Islam, and a sample of local action groups. 3 credits.
L.HIS-472: The United States & Vietnam
A history of the Vietnam wars and their impact on both Vietnam and the United States. The course will highlight the historical development of Vietnamese society, French colonialism, the Cold War politics of F.D.R. through Nixon, the military history of U.S involvement, and the turmoil on the U.S. home front. Open to seniors and juniors, sophomores with approval. 3 credits.
L.HIS-489: Seminar for Majors: Interpretations
This seminar presents a critical examination of the major events and issues in European history, historians’ interpretations of these events and issues, and problems of historical research and methodology. The focus is Eurocentric. The scope is global. Open only to senior or junior history majors, normally in their second semester junior year. Students must earn a grade of C or better for the major. 3 credits.
L.HIS-490: Research Seminar
Emphasis in this course is on research and the production of quality papers based on primary and secondary materials. For history majors only, normally in their senior year. Cannot be repeated more than once. Students must earn a grade of C or better for the major. 3 credits.
L.HIS-494: Internship in History
This internship will provide students with a learning experience while working several hours a week for a semester or during the summer for a historical society, history firm, museum, archive, research library, or some equivalent institution. Prerequisites: senior or junior standing, completion of 12 credits in history prior to the beginning of the internship, and permission of the division chair and the work supervisor of the internship at the institution where the internship will be performed. 2-3 credits (a minimum of 50 hours of work required per credit).
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